Treatment for Meniere’s disease and Meniere’s disease causes, symptom

Meniere’s Disease is a disorder that causes dizziness, vertigo-like symptoms, & progressive hearing loss.  As of yet, there is no cure for the illness, though supportive treatment methods can help patients get some degree of relief from their symptoms. Meniere’s Disease usually develops between 40 to 60 years of age, although it can affect a person of any age group. Here we list some points which is helpful in Treatment for Meniere’s disease.

Treatment for Meniere's disease
Source: North Shore hearing

Meniere’s disease cause:

Meniere’s Disease causes include any abnormality in the structure of the ear or the presence of abnormal levels of fluid in the ear. Exactly why these changes occur is yet unknown. Our inner ear contains a cluster of interconnected passages & cavities, which are collectively called the Labyrinth. The outer part of the inner ear houses the bony structure of the labyrinth, while the inner part contains a smaller part of the labyrinth.

The labyrinth contains a fluid termed endolymph. It also has tiny, hair-like structures on its end that help in controlling the body’s balance & movement by responding to the fluid’s movement & sending appropriate signals to the brain.

The inner ear has three primary functions to perform:

  • Detecting acceleration or movement in any direction
  • Rotational motion
  • Detecting & interpreting sound waves

For all of these functions to go on smoothly, the pressure, volume, & fluid composition of the brain needs to be just perfect. People with Meniere’s Disease have a disbalance in this level of fluid, which then causes problems with all the other functions of the ear as well.

This is why people who suffer from Meniere’s Disease experience dizziness, loss of balance, disorientation, & a sense of feeling off-balance. In certain cases, triggers like too much stress, anxiety, & over-working can also cause this abnormality in the fluid balance of the inner ear, leading to Meniere’s Disease.

Meniere’s Disease treatment:

Certain medications that include vertigo medicines, might be helpful in Meniere’s Disease treatment, especially in the early stages. These medicines include:

Motion sickness medicines:

These include well-known vertigo medicines such as diazepam(Valium) or Meclizine, also known as Antivert. These help with the constant spinning sensations that patients feel, & also relieve other vertigo-like symptoms of patients. 

Medicines for nausea:

Prochlorperazine, also known as Compazine, is effective in reducing nausea & vomiting symptoms of a patient who is in the middle of a vertigo episode. 

Diuretics:

Diuretics, also known as water pills, help in maintaining & restoring the fluid balance inside the ears. An abnormal fluid balance in the ears is one of the main Meniere’s Disease causes, & water pills help with that. 

Middle ear Injections:

In certain cases, your doctor might also give you certain medications via injections into your middle ear to help reduce the intensity & frequency of your Meniere’s Disease symptoms. The medications that will be inserted in this phase include the antibiotic gentamycin, &/or steroids such as dexamethasone. 

In addition to these treatment methods, certain Meniere’s Disease exercises can also help reduce your symptoms. These exercises vary from individual to individual, and can only be prescribed by your treating doctor depending on your specific condition & symptoms. 

Surgery:

If you’re not responding to any other Meniere’s Disease treatment, then your doctor might suggest a surgical option for you. Surgical Meniere’s Disease treatment options include:

Endolymphatic sac decompression:

In this, the surgeon will remove a small portion of bone from around the endolymphatic sac. This membrane is responsible for controlling water pressure in the ear. If it is not functioning properly, & this may cause vertigo in patients.

Labyrinthectomy:

In this, the surgeon removes a portion of the inner ear to help control Meniere’s Disease symptoms. 

Vestibular nerve section:

In this, a surgeon cuts the vestibular nerve to control the vertigo-like symptoms.

Vestibular rehabilitation therapy:

This therapy helps patients make up for the loss of their natural balance system by training the other senses to compensate for the vestibular system.  This therapy helps patients greatly with Meniere’s Disease treatment as well as Vertigo treatmentSometimes, people with hearing loss may also benefit from the installation of a hearing aid. 

In addition to these symptoms, other home remedies such as reducing the amount of salt in your diet, reducing caffeine, avoiding alcohol, adequate hydration, & avoiding tyramine(an amino acid which is found in a variety of foods including chicken liver, smoked meats, red wine, ripe cheeses, nuts, and yogurts) may also help in your Meniere’s Disease treatment. 

Meniere’s Disease symptoms:

Meniere’s Disease symptoms vary from one affected individual to another. They can come on suddenly, with varied frequencies, duration, & intensity. Doctors often refer to these ‘sudden symptoms’ as attacks of Meniere’s Disease. Each of these attacks can last anywhere between 20 minutes to 24 hours.

Treatment for Meniere's disease
Source: Pintrest

Some of the most common symptoms that can occur in an attack of Meniere’s Disease are:

  • Spinning
  • Swaying to one side
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Motion sickness
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Sudden hearing loss, usually on one side
  • Feelings of pressure inside the ear
  • A ringing or buzzing sound in the ears

In addition to these physical symptoms, patients of Meniere’s Disease sometimes also experience anxiety & depression, & other neurological symptoms.  These are often linked to the dreads & the negative impact of the disease, rather than a manifestation of the disease itself. 

Stages of Meniere’s Disease:

Meniere’s Disease usually tends to occur in two distinct stages. Patients might not even feel any symptoms when they’re transitioning between the two stages. 

Early Stage:

Sudden, unpredictable vertigo episodes, along with sudden hearing loss that usually goes away after an episode, are the signs of an early stage manifestation of Meniere’s Disease. You may also feel pressure inside your ears, along with some tinnitus in this stage. You might also experience extreme fatigue & tiredness after an episode of vertigo in this stage. Some of the most common symptoms in the early stages of Meniere’s Disease include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Blurry vision
  • Jerking eye movements called nystagmus
  • Cold sweats or chills
  • Palpitations or rapid heart beating
  • Trembling or shaking

Late stage:

In this stage, vertigo symptoms tend to reduce significantly, & in some cases might never recur. However, balance issues, vision problems, & hearing troubles might very well continue. You might also feel uncomfortable with balance in the dark, & your hearing loss and tinnitus might worsen. You might also experience sudden drop attacks or attacks where you might fall down or faint suddenly, even when remaining unconscious. Here its all in Treatment for Meniere’s disease.


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